CONFLICT
©organisationaldevelopment

We all are different in terms of height , complexion , size and our thinking process . Thus , when in a group setting , it’s quite impossible to have no clash of opinions/conflicts . Each has his own point of view and perception. Thus , it’s obvious that conflicts will arise at some point of time.

Reasons for group conflict

  • Lack of communication and faulty communication
  • Feelings of deprivation and discontentment
  • Desire for retaliation
  • Biased perception
  • Competition over scarce resources

To reduce the inter-group conflict , a number of strategies have been suggested by the psychologists.

1) Respect each other’s norms 

CONFLICT
©denovati

We need to respect and be sensitive to the norms of various social , ethnic groups especially in a pluralist society like India . Because of this insensitivity , communal riots have taken place.

2) Through education

CONFLICT
©education

Through educating people from the beginning by changing their perceptions through media and portrayal of groups differently in society and by promoting empathy for others can surely help .

3) Increase intergroup contacts

CONFLICT
©wapfun

By involving groups on some occasions like community projects, events , they get to work together and appreciate each other. This reduces the chance of conflicts. Example- Inviting different political parties on a Polio Pulse Day by an NGO.

4) Negotiations

CONFLICT
©ceo

 

Through negotiations by third party interventions, mediators and warring groups , mutually acceptable solutions can be found. This requires trust and understanding. Example – Judiciary acts as a mediator when conflict arises between executive and legislative.

5)  Introduce superordinate goals

CONFLICT
©collegeboard

A superordinate goal helps in mutual benefit to both the parties which increases cooperation . Example – A teacher may pair up two students who don’t like each other for a group project as benefit of one leads to other’s benefit which leads to cooperation.

6) Redistribution of resources

CONFLICT

By redistributing the societal resources based on principles of justice ( equality, need, equity) , conflict can be reduced  . If there’s equality in every aspect , groups won’t compete for the resources and competition will be reduced.


It’s high time we start realizing how small conflicts can lead to disasters. Thus , we must take initiative to make world a better place to live in.

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