Does the ART have any boundary???
Ever since the human came into existence , he had a basic need other than hunger , thirst , and sex – the need to explore , to learn ,know anything and everything . With the evolution ,he could learn the art of pottery , sculpture, writing scripts , making social groups , various forms of art were learned and explored which are still in the process of development right now. I would define art as a medium of expression to have a greater impact on others and a way of expression of subconscious thoughts and feelings. Does it have any boundary ??? Can’t say much about anywhere else but in INDIA( where Article 19 under Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted in 1948 talks of freedom of speech and expression without interference).
Here’s a list of 9 Indian controversial movies that were termed to be as controversial or some even banned in INDIA by Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC).
1.Neel Akasher Neechey (1959)
Director -Mrinal Sen
A Bengali movie set in the backdrop of last days of British Raj in Calcutta which revolves around platonic relation between immigrant Chinese worker named Wang Lu and female protagonist named Basanti. It was the first controversial movies to be banned in India.
Director – Gulzar
It was alleged that this controversial movie was based on life of Indira Gandhi -then PM of India and banned during emergency but then released in 1977 when Janta Party came into existence.
3. Kissa Kursi Ka (1977)
Film was a satire on politics of Indira Gandhi and her son Sanjay Gandhi which was banned during emergency . The copies lifted from Censor Board office were burnt by his supporters.
5.Kama Sutra: A tale of love (1996)
The movie’s title was taken from ancient Indian text , the Kama Sutra and was banned due to sexual content and its release had 2 minute cut of nudity.
One of the first mainstream bollywood controversial movies that showed homosexual relations. On the release day, some theatres were attacked by Hindu fundamentalists to show lesbian relationship. Only after it was withdrawn and sent back to censor board, it was released.
7.Black Friday (2004)
The crime movie based on 1993 Bombay bombings. The movie attempted to recreate those traumatic events and the emotional reactions during that tragedy. It was so controversial and was banned for 3 years. Later only it was released in february 2007 after Supreme court of India allowed.
Director-Deepa Mehta An Indian-Canadian film throws light on the lives of widows at an Ashram in Varanasi. It revolves around controversial concepts like misogyny and ostracism. Premiered at International Toronto Film Festival. And was finally released in India in 2007.
9.India’s Daughter (2015)
Director-Leslee Udwin The movie is based on 2012 Delhi gangrape of 23 year old women who was a physiotherapy student. BBC aired it on youtube outside India on 4th March . But after it got viral, Indian government directed youtube to block the video in India on 5th march.